The Society of Necessity / The Ninth Avenue School

The Society of Necessity / The Ninth Avenue School

The Society of Necessity’s Oakdale Cemetery in East Flat Rock, Photo by the Black History Research Group The Ninth Avenue School served African American students from Henderson, Polk and Transylvania counties from 1951 until 1965. In May of 1950 a grant for “ninety-six thousand, six 



Donald R. “Donnie” Parks, Hendersonville’s First African-American Chief of Police.   Photo by Terry Ruscin   The real estate bounded by Kanuga, Barnwell and South Church Streets once hosted “Black Bottom,” a hamlet of stilt houses occupied by members of Hendersonville’s African American townspeople. The houses, 

The Community Council

In the early 1960’s Henderson County’s Community Council successfully pressed for the desegregation of schools and other reforms. Excerpt from A Brief History of the Black Presence in Henderson County by Gary Franklin Green The year was 1960. The Civil Rights movement had given a 

Black-owned Businesses 1950-1970

The period from 1950 through 1965 brought change to Henderson County. The transition from the injustices of segregation to the equal rights guaranteed under the Constitution was a quiet, slow, and relatively smooth process. It did take courage to complete the process, but for the 

Ninth Avenue School Year Books

All 16 of the Yearbooks from the Ninth Avenue School are available at: – Search Results – DigitalNC

Greenbook Guest House

The Landina Guest House was one of many Black-owned businesses that served the Black community in the days of segregation.

Brooklyn Community

Brooklyn was a vibrant community near Hendersonville’s old train depot.  It had a variety of Black-owned businesses before urban renewal projects reconfigured the area in the late 1960’s.