Principal John Marable

John Marable was an innovative principal who instituted sports teams and a marching band, and led the transition from the Sixth Avenue School to the larger, better equipped Ninth Avenue School John Marable became principal of Sixth Avenue School in 1946, and during his thirteen 

The Sixth Avenue School

Although its resources were limited, the Sixth Avenue School had dedicated teachers. The school also served as a African-American community center from 1916 until l951. The Sixth Avenue School was constructed at the northeast comer of Sixth Avenue and Valley Street in 1916 on one 

Education in Henderson County From 1865 Until 1916

Although in theory Black schools were supposed to be equal to White schools, in reality they never received adequate funding. There are very few records for the Henderson County schools relating to Blacks, but it appears that education for Blacks in Henderson County had been 

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church. Founded in 1878, St. Paul is one of the oldest African American churches in Hendersonville.   Shaw’s Creek A.M.E. Zion Church had begun in 1865 when a group of people from Horseshoe, N.C., persevered in their desire to worship 

Black-owned Businesses 1900-1950

1900-1920 By 1910, 46 Blacks owned at least 30 acres of land with three of these farmers owning 100 acres or more: M. R. Anderson of Mills River Township (230 acres), Martin Herrin (100 acres) and Washington Shipman (100 acres) both of the Hendersonville Township. 

Chauffeurs and Merry Garden Casino

Henderson County’s licensed chauffeurs included several African Americans like Fred Potts.  The Merry Garden Casino in Flat Rock attracted nationally known swing bands.

An Early Electrician

Robert Quinn wired local theaters and churches in the 1930’s.  This interview with his wife was done in 1939 through the National Writers Project.

Flat Rock Blacksmith

John Markley and his sons were well-known African-American blacksmiths in Flat Rock from 1877 until the early 1900’s.

Mud Creek Missionary Baptist Association

A  fourteen acre assembly ground with eleven buildings in East Flat Rock provided a training and social venue for members of African-American Missionary Baptist churches from Henderson, Buncombe and Transylvania counties. Mud Creek Missionary Baptist Association From A Brief History of the Black Presence in