Education in Henderson County From 1865 Until 1916

Although in theory Black schools were supposed to be equal to White schools, in reality they never received adequate funding. There are very few records for the Henderson County schools relating to Blacks, but it appears that education for Blacks in Henderson County had been 

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church. Founded in 1878, St. Paul is one of the oldest African American churches in Hendersonville.   Shaw’s Creek A.M.E. Zion Church had begun in 1865 when a group of people from Horseshoe, N.C., persevered in their desire to worship 

The Kingdom of the Happy Land

From A Brief History of the Black Presence in Henderson County by Gary Franklin Green Throughout the history of Henderson County no other chapter is perhaps so intriguing and yet so veiled in mystery as the efforts of a group of freed slaves to establish 

Black-owned Businesses 1865-1900

Farming was by far the preferred way to gain financial stability for Blacks during the antebellum period. Only eight people prior to 1900 were able to post financial gains in occupations other than farming. They were: stonemasons Jackson Shipman and Henry King; blacksmiths Samuel Williams and 

The Kingdom of Happy Land

Freed slaves founded the Kingdom of Happy Land in the 1870’s near today’s Lake Summit. With money they earned as porters carrying packages up the mountain to Saluda, they bought land from the Davis family’s plantation, Oakland.  There is little documentation about the Kingdom and 

Freed Slaves in Flat Rock

Many of the slaves owned by wealthy Charleston planters chose to remain in Flat Rock after the Civil War.

1865-1900 Overview

After the Civil War Freed slaves settled in several communities throughout Henderson County.  These communities were centered around Black churches.

Logan Community Chapel

Logan Community Chapel was founded by freed slaves in 1865.

Flat Rock Blacksmith

John Markley and his sons were well-known African-American blacksmiths in Flat Rock from 1877 until the early 1900’s.

1865 to 1900

1865 to 1900

Photo Credit: Courtesy of the Baker Barber Collection 1865 to 1900