The Society of Necessity / The Ninth Avenue School

The Society of Necessity / The Ninth Avenue School

The Society of Necessity’s Oakdale Cemetery in East Flat Rock, Photo by the Black History Research Group The Ninth Avenue School served African American students from Henderson, Polk and Transylvania counties from 1951 until 1965. In May of 1950 a grant for “ninety-six thousand, six 

Principal John Marable

John Marable was an innovative principal who instituted sports teams and a marching band, and led the transition from the Sixth Avenue School to the larger, better equipped Ninth Avenue School John Marable became principal of Sixth Avenue School in 1946, and during his thirteen 

The Sixth Avenue School

Although its resources were limited, the Sixth Avenue School had dedicated teachers. The school also served as a African-American community center from 1916 until l951. The Sixth Avenue School was constructed at the northeast comer of Sixth Avenue and Valley Street in 1916 on one 

Education in Henderson County From 1865 Until 1916

Although in theory Black schools were supposed to be equal to White schools, in reality they never received adequate funding. There are very few records for the Henderson County schools relating to Blacks, but it appears that education for Blacks in Henderson County had been 

BLACK BOTTOM

BLACK BOTTOM

Donald R. “Donnie” Parks, Hendersonville’s First African-American Chief of Police.   Photo by Terry Ruscin   The real estate bounded by Kanuga, Barnwell and South Church Streets once hosted “Black Bottom,” a hamlet of stilt houses occupied by members of Hendersonville’s African American townspeople. The houses, 

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church. Founded in 1878, St. Paul is one of the oldest African American churches in Hendersonville.   Shaw’s Creek A.M.E. Zion Church had begun in 1865 when a group of people from Horseshoe, N.C., persevered in their desire to worship 

Mill Pond and Free Blacks

Mill Pond and Free Blacks

Mill Pond and Free Blacks Some black residents who are having difficulties tracing their family to the period before the Civil War have speculated their ancestors may have been free and not slaves. Legends and stories have been passed down for generations that there were 

The Community Council

In the early 1960’s Henderson County’s Community Council successfully pressed for the desegregation of schools and other reforms. Excerpt from A Brief History of the Black Presence in Henderson County by Gary Franklin Green The year was 1960. The Civil Rights movement had given a 

The Kingdom of the Happy Land

From A Brief History of the Black Presence in Henderson County by Gary Franklin Green Throughout the history of Henderson County no other chapter is perhaps so intriguing and yet so veiled in mystery as the efforts of a group of freed slaves to establish 

Black-owned Businesses 1950-1970

The period from 1950 through 1965 brought change to Henderson County. The transition from the injustices of segregation to the equal rights guaranteed under the Constitution was a quiet, slow, and relatively smooth process. It did take courage to complete the process, but for the