BLACK BOTTOM

BLACK BOTTOM

Donald R. “Donnie” Parks, Hendersonville’s First African-American Chief of Police.   Photo by Terry Ruscin   The real estate bounded by Kanuga, Barnwell and South Church Streets once hosted “Black Bottom,” a hamlet of stilt houses occupied by members of Hendersonville’s African American townspeople. The houses, 

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church. Founded in 1878, St. Paul is one of the oldest African American churches in Hendersonville.   Shaw’s Creek A.M.E. Zion Church had begun in 1865 when a group of people from Horseshoe, N.C., persevered in their desire to worship 

Black-owned Businesses 1950-1970

The period from 1950 through 1965 brought change to Henderson County. The transition from the injustices of segregation to the equal rights guaranteed under the Constitution was a quiet, slow, and relatively smooth process. It did take courage to complete the process, but for the 

Black-owned Businesses 1900-1950

1900-1920 By 1910, 46 Blacks owned at least 30 acres of land with three of these farmers owning 100 acres or more: M. R. Anderson of Mills River Township (230 acres), Martin Herrin (100 acres) and Washington Shipman (100 acres) both of the Hendersonville Township. 

Black-owned Businesses

Henderson County’s Black middle class, through diligent efforts, made an independent living through their own enterprises and stand out for their entrepreneurial spirit and hard work. Most often Black-run businesses at the turn of the century had to make a choice of focusing their trade either 

Ninth Avenue School Year Books

All 16 of the Yearbooks from the Ninth Avenue School are available at: https://lib.digitalnc.org/search?ln=en&rm=&ln=en&sf=year&so=a&rg=10&c=DigitalNC&of=hb&fti=0&fti=0&p=903%3AHendersonCountyPublicLibrary_091019_TKD_01903%3AHendersonCountyPublicLibrary_091019_TKD_01 – Search Results – DigitalNC

Greenbook Guest House

The Landina Guest House was one of many Black-owned businesses that served the Black community in the days of segregation.   https://www.blueridgenow.com/news/20190714/beyond-banks-doing-it-by-green-book

An Early Electrician

Robert Quinn wired local theaters and churches in the 1930’s.  This interview with his wife was done in 1939 through the National Writers Project.   https://www.loc.gov/resource/wpalh2.27080215/?sp=1

Star of Bethel Baptist Church

Star of Bethel Church was founded in 1873.  Membership has dwindled since its heyday in the 1950’s.    https://www.blueridgenow.com/news/20190216/historic-black-church-looks-at-future-even-as-membership-shrinks

St. Paul Tabernacle AME Zion Church

St. Paul AME Zion Church was founded in 1880, making it one of the oldest Black churches in Henderson County.   https://www.blueridgenow.com/news/20040208/no-title